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Issues in Ecology, Issue 04: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning

In this report, biodiversity and its relevance to the ecosystems that support humanity is discussed. Ecosystem functioning is defined as the collective activities of all biota within an ecosystem and how they affect its chemical and physical factors; therefore, it can be negatively impacted by decreases in biodiversity-the wide variety of life forms inhabiting the planet. The ecological and economic consequences of losses in biodiversity are explained. Additionally, case studies of scientific efforts to understand ecosystem functioning and to assess biodiversity are presented. Issues in Ecology is an ongoing series of reports designed to present major ecological issues in an easy-to-read manner. This Issue summarizes the consensus of a panel of scientific experts based on the information that was current and available at the time of its publication in 1999.
Associated files
Resource Group This resource is part of ESA's Issues in Ecology series.
Resource Group Link
Primary or BEN resource type
Secondary resource type
Discipline Specific Core Concepts
Life science discipline (subject)
Keywords Ecosystem functioning, Biodiversity, Species, Functional Types, Ecosystem, Observational studies, Experimental studies, Diversity, Food Web, Richness, report
Intended End User Role
Educational Language
Pedagogical Use Category
Pedagogical Use Description This report can be used for general information, classroom reading and discussion, and as a springboard for more information research. The report illustrates applications of ecology as it relates to our society and environment.
Aggregation Level
Full Name of Primary Author Shahid Naeem
Primary Author Controlled Name
Primary Author Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Washington

Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley

Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Maryland

Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University

Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia

Department of Biology, Western Washington University

NERC Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park

Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratories

Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University

Departamento de Ecologia, University of Buenos Aires

Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota
Primary Author email n/a
Secondary Author Name(s) F. S. Chapin III, Simon Levin, Jane Lubchenco, et al.
Secondary Author Affiliation(s) Department of Integrative Biology,
University of California Berkeley

Department of Ecology & Evolutionary
Biology, Princeton University

Department of Zoology, Oregon State
Added By Id
  • educationintern
Rights Copyright 2008 by Shahid Naeem, Chair, F.S. Chapin III, Robert Costanza, Paul R. Ehrlich, Frank B. Golley, David U. Hooper, J.H. Lawton, Robert V. O’Neill, Harold A. Mooney, Osvaldo E. Sala, Amy J. Symstad,David Tilman, and the Ecological Society of America.
Review type
Drought and Water Ecosystem Services Collection Off
Conservation Targets Under Global Change Collection Off
Big Data Collection Off
Editors Choice No
Resource Status
Date Of Record Submission 2008-01-09
I Agree to EcoEdDL's Copyright Policy & Terms of Use No
Date Of Record Release 2011-08-24 16:36:06
Last Modified By Id
  • educationintern
Date Last Modified 2015-03-12 09:12:44
Release Flag Published

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